Séminaire de Alexandre Ponrouch (Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona) – 21/01/2020 à 11h

Publié le : 21/01/2020

Séminaire de Alexandre Ponrouch (Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona)

Electrolyte, solvation shell and interphase for Ca metal anode based batteries

le mardi 21 janvier 2020 à 11h


Electrolyte, solvation shell and interphase for Ca metal anode based batteries

Various metals have been used as battery anodes in electrochemical cells ever since the birth of the batteries with Volta’s pile and in the first commercialized primary (Zn/MnO2, Leclanché 1866) and secondary (Pb/acid, Planté 1859) batteries. Li-MoS2 cells, employing Li metal anodes, with specific energies two to three times higher than both Ni/Cd and Pb/acid cells, were withdrawn from the market due to safety issues related to dendrites growth. Instead, electrodeposition of Mg and Ca appears to be less prone to dendrite formation.[1,2] Pioneering work by Aurbach et al. in the early 1990’s showed a surface-film controlled electrochemical behavior of Ca and Mg metal anodes in electrolytes with conventional organic solvents.[3,4] The lack of metal plating was attributed to the poor divalent cation migration through the passivation layer.

Nevertheless, recent demonstration of Ca plating and stripping in the presence of a passivation layer or an artificial interphase [2,5] has paved the way for assessment of new electrolyte formulations with high resilience towards oxidation. However, several challenges remain to be tackled for the development of Ca based batteries.[6,7] Among these, the need for reliable electrochemical test protocols, mass transport limitations and high desolvation energies (due to strong cation-solvent and cation–anion interactions) are implied.[8,9] Here, the reliability of electrochemical set-ups involving multivalent chemistries is discussed, and a systematic investigation on the impact of the electrolyte formulation on the cation solvation structure and transport is presented. Finally, characterization of the SEI formed on the Ca metal anode in various electrolyte formulations using complementary techniques allowed for the identification of the most suitable SEI compounds in terms of divalent cation mobility.

Scheme of a Ca metal anode-based battery with the main problems/ requirements outlined.[6].


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2) A. Ponrouch, C. Frontera, F. Bardé, M.R. Palacín, Nat. Mater., 15 (2016) 169

3) D. Aurbach, R. Skaletsky, Y. Gofer, J. Electrochem. Soc.138 (1991) 3536

4) Z. Lu, A. Schechter, M. Moshkovich, D. Aurbach, J. Electroanal. Chem. 466 (1999) 203

5) D. Wang, X. Gao, Y. Chen, L. Jin, C. Kuss, P. G. Bruce, Nat. Mater. 17 (2018) 16

6) A. Ponrouch, M.R. Palacín, Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 9 (2018) 1

7) M. Elena Arroyo-de Dompablo, A. Ponrouch, P. Johansson, M.R. Palacin, Chem. Rev. doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00339.

8) D. S. Tchitchekova, D. Monti, P. Johansson, F. Bardé, A. Randon-Vitanova, M. R. Palacı́n, A. Ponrouch, J. Electrochem. Soc., 164 (2017) A1384

9) R. Dugas, J. Forero Saboya, A. Ponrouch, Chem. Mater. 31 (2019) 8613